Step one is to perform a risk assessment. The risk assessment determines the threat to a company if a particular activity or process isn’t properly controlled. Once the risks are decided the next step is to assign a value to this possible risk. This may be accomplished by mapping out the points of vulnerability and then looking at how often the risk could happen.
After the risks and costs associated with the risks are decided it is time to concentrate on these points with the best vulnerability and potential for reduction. A security policy should be developed. This coverage will rank the risks, identify acceptable security targets and determine the ways to attain these goals. Now that the points of danger have been diagnosed with the associated cost it’s time that the leadership guarantee business continuity.
The leadership team can use certain measures to safeguard the security of the organization’s technology with fault-tolerant computer systems and recovery-oriented computing. The business may also invest in disaster recovery and business continuity planning.
The business may also use some resources and technology like access control so a person who enters the computer system is completely authenticated and is who they say they are. The business should use firewalls to prevent unauthorized access into private networks, intrusion detection systems, and anti-virus applications. The business should also use encryption.
Companies should not neglect to educate employees on security. The business may use technologies and tools to help, but finally partners and staff have to be educated on the importance of safe computing, such as not opening emails from people they don’t know, downloading arbitrary files on businesses computers, and physical information security, like leaving disks, laptops and other sensitive information lying about.
Finally, auditing ensures these procedures are being followed so the environment stays secure.